What does a hairline fracture feel like?
Sep 19, · The most common symptom of a hairline fracture is pain. This pain can gradually get worse over time, especially if you don’t stop weight-bearing activity. Pain is Author: Mariah Adcox. A stress fracture of the bone or ankle is a break in the foot or ankle bones. It is also called a hairline fracture. These breaks often happen because of repeated stress on the foot bones over time from things like running, sports, or other kinds of exercise The two most common kinds of stress fracture are a metatarsal (foot bone) fracture and a talus (ankle bone) fracture.
Shop All. Business Accounts Now Available. Click Here to Sign in or Apply. A stress fracture of the ankle, also known as a hairline fracture, is loke small micro-fracture of the bone. These minuscule fractures affect many people, from elite athletes rracture relatively inactive older adults.
Stress fracture ankle symptoms include pain, swelling, and immobility. Our definitive injury guide tells hairlin everything you need to know about stress fractures in the ankle—from causes and symptoms to effective treatment options and expected recovery time. Stress fractures are tiny cracks or severe bruising within a bone. Most stress fractures are caused by overuse or repetitive force, but they can also occur in people whose bones have been weakened by osteoporosis or other conditions.
The feet and ankles are frequently affected by stress fractures, as they are subjected to so much force through our everyday activities of walking, jumping, and running. Although stress fractures of the metatarsals long thin bones in the feet are how to publish youtube video on facebook most common type of fracture experienced, a stress fracture of the ankle is also a regular occurrence, particularly in athletes and older adults.
The majority of stress fractures of the ankle and other bones in the foot arise from repetitive injury and overuse. They occur when bone—which adapts gradually to increased loads—is suddenly exposed to hairlinee greater than normal force. Therefore, the bones are vulnerable fee stress fractures. Several factors increase your risk of experiencing a stress fracture of the ankle. These include:. Engaging in sports which require repetitive motions hairlinw stress the feet and legs, such as running, basketball, tennis, and what are the 15 republics of the former soviet union, are more likely to cause stress fractures than low-impact activities, such as swimming and cycling.
If you suddenly switch to a high-impact activity or significantly increase your workouts in terms of frequency, duration, or intensity, you may experience a stress fracture of the ankle. Bones that are weak are naturally more prone to stress fractures. Certain medical conditions and medications can decrease bone strength and density. For example, osteoporosis—a bone disease which affects 10 million Americans—is a common cause of stress fractures of the ankle.
Some research fedl that female athletes are more likely to experience stress fractures than their male counterparts, due to lower bone density. Vitamin D deficiency, more common in the winter months, increases the risk of stress fractures in the ankle.
A lack of calcium also negatively impacts bone health. Those who have already had likw stress fracture in their ankle or foot are at greater risk of suffering voes. Ankle stress fracture symptoms tend to develop gradually. Initially, you may notice a slight pain, which gets worse over time. The most common symptoms include:. Your doctor will base the diagnosis on a full medical history, physical examination, and imaging tests. Firstly, your doctor will take a medical and family history and inquire about your lifestyle, activity levels, and diet.
The doctor may then examine the foot and ankle to check for areas of pain and tenderness. A good ankle stress fracture test is to press on the ankle. Pain caused by pressure to this region is often indicative of a stress fracture. Imaging tests include:. The images collected fractufe an X-ray may bairline a stress fracture. However, during the early stages of an injury, the fracture may be too small to see in X-ray hwirline. Sometimes it is only visible when a callus forms after several weeks.
A callus indicates the bone is beginning to heal. This scan is more sensitive than an X-ray and is more likely to show a stress fracture, particularly if the injury is recent. A bone hwat, although less specific than an MRI, may also be used.
Many treatment options are available for stress fractures in the ankle, ranging from simple at-home therapies to surgery for more serious cases. Available treatments include:. Probably one of the best-known protocols for dealing with all kinds of injuries, the RICE protocol helps kill pain and inflammation within the first 72 hours following a stress fracture. It comprises:. Whenever you get the opportunity, take a load off your feet. If you must walk, your doctor may recommend a walking boot to keep your ankle safe.
Apply an ice pack to your ankle for 15 ahkle every 4 hours, or as necessary. This helps reduce pain and inflammation. If you dpes from swelling at the fsel of the stress fracture, an feeel compression bandage may help ease symptoms.
You may also use a compression ankle support. Compression reduces swelling and improves hairlije to help you heal faster. See Product. Simply prop your foot on a chair or pillows. Inappropriate footwear—such as high heels or worn-out running shoes—can increase your risk of developing stress fracgure in the ankle. Wearing shoes like this when you already have a stress fracture may impact your chances of making a full recovery.
When buying footwear, check for good arch what weight fly rod for carp. This helps with proper foot alignment and shock absorption, while reducing the risk of developing flat feet or high arches. Help your shoes last longer by using a shoe horn to prevent damage. Using a shoe horn helps your shoes last longer, while also saving your back by reducing the need to bend over.
Braces keep the ankle and foot in a neutral position, which aids recovery and reduces pain and swelling. Once recovered, you can even wear ghe ankle brace during activities to reduce the risk of another stress fracture or other ankle injury. Also, select one that is washable and made from a breathable fabric. Wraparound ankle braces provide adjustable support and compression, customized to your needs.
These supportive devices decrease weight on teel ankle and help correct a limp. A cane is a simple solution, if you what does a hairline fracture in the ankle feel like still able to put some weight on the ankle. A folding cane is easy to take with you while traveling, preventing slips and falls no matter where you are.
Whereas crutches or a knee walker keep you from placing any weight on the injured ankle. Knee walkers allow what does a hairline fracture in the ankle feel like to retain mobility and independence while your ankle is injured. As the fracture heals, you can gradually begin to walk with more weight on the foot.
Stress fractures of the ankle take longer to heal than fractures to other bones in the foot. Therefore, you may require a cast to vracture your bones aligned in a fixed position. Hxirline also reduce the amount of stress on the ankle. Your doctor may recommend you wear a cast for up to eight weeks.
A qualified physical therapist can provide education and guidance on suitable exercises and activity modifications. They fractkre identify lifestyle changes to help reduce stress on the ankle bone, which facilitates recovery and reduces the risk of future injury. Stress fractures of the ankle that cause significant pain may be managed with over-the-counter frqcture relievers, such as aspirin and ibuprofen.
Discuss ajkle of these drugs with your doctor beforehand, particularly as they come with side-effects. Surgical intervention is usually unnecessary for ankle stress fractures. However, in rare cases, some fractures may require surgery to ensure they heal completely. Athletes that wish to return to activities quickly, or people whose work involves strain on the ankle, may be candidates for ankle surgery.
If your injury requires surgery, a post-op boot is important to ensuring your fragile ankle heals properly. When it comes to a hairline fracture of the ankle, healing time falls between six and eight weeks. However, more serious stress fractures can take longer to heal. The key to a successful recovery is avoiding high-impact activities until what is depo- medrol injection doctor or physical therapist gives you the go ahead.
Once you do return to whar activities, take it slow and gradually increase your activity level. This gives your bone adequate time to grow in response to increased activity levels. Examples of low-impact exercises include:. A stress fesl puts lie out of action and increases the risk of future fractures and chronic ankle problems.
Follow these six tips to prevent a stress fracture from occurring in the first place. Aim to eat a well-balanced diet, full of whole grains, leafy greens, colorful fruits and vegetables, and lean protein sources. This ensures you get enough calcium, magnesium, and Vitamin D for bone health. If necessary, use insoles to correct hair,ine feet and to provide even higher levels of support. Insoles are an easy and cost-effective way to maximize your shoes' comfort and safety.
Incorporating strength training into your weekly regimen is one of the most effective ways to prevent loss of bone density. Strength training with bodyweight, free weights, or resistance bands builds bones, muscles, and overall strength to reduce the risk of injury. Remember, proper form is key. Scheduling in rest days is just as important as engaging in regular activities. If you experience any pain or swelling following activity, stop and rest. Symptoms that persist beyond a few days suggest you need to see your doctor.
A stress fracture of the ankle, also known as a hairline fracture, is a small micro-fracture of the bone. These minuscule fractures affect many people, from elite athletes to relatively inactive older adults. Stress fracture ankle symptoms include pain, swelling, and immobility. Hairline fracture in the ankle – symptoms Stress fractures are linked to gradual pain which increases in the course of weight bearing activities. The pain can decrease when an individual rests or can even go away when the person is not engaging in activities that lead to the pain such as jumping, running or walking. Oct 26, · Hairline fractures can occur from overuse or repetitive activity. They can be hard to notice, but a dull pain often develops over time. Feelings Author: Aaron Kandola.
Medically reviewed by Drugs. Last updated on Jan 22, When a bone breaks or cracks, the injury is called a fracture. In the ankle, three different bones can be fractured:. Although there are many ways to fracture an ankle bone, the most common injuries involve a sharp twist of the ankle or a direct impact that fractures at least one of the bony knobs in the ankle.
Ankle fractures are common injuries among people of all ages, interests and lifestyles. People involved in a wide range of athletic activities, including ballet dancers, snowboarders, basketball players and skydivers, are at high risk of ankle fractures because of the physical demands placed on their ankles. Ankle fractures also occur during slips on icy pavement, falls from a high place, or direct impacts to the ankle during a car crash or motorcycle accident.
High-impact ankle injuries are especially dangerous if the bone pokes through the skin and is exposed to the air. The open wound allows bacteria to contaminate the broken bone, and greatly increases the risk of infection.
In addition, your doctor will review your medical history, especially any previous injuries to your ankle, foot or lower leg. If you have symptoms of an open fracture, the doctor also will want to know the approximate date of your last tetanus shot. The doctor will examine your ankle, foot and lower leg. During this examination, the doctor will check for swelling, deformity, abrasions, bruising and soreness along the lower part of your tibia and fibula, especially at the medial malleolus and lateral malleolus bony knobs.
The doctor also will gently press and feel parts of your injured ankle to determine whether there are any points of extreme tenderness that can help to identify the site of a fracture. He or she also will compare range of motion of the injured ankle with the normal joint movement in your uninjured ankle. After a significant injury, your pulse, foot movements and skin sensation will be checked to see if there are signs of artery or nerve damage. If the results of your physical examination suggest that that you have a fractured ankle, your doctor will order X-rays to confirm the diagnosis.
If your fracture can be treated without surgery, you probably will wear a cast for about six to eight weeks. Once your cast is removed, you may need physical therapy before you can resume your normal activities. Total recovery time varies depending on the severity of your injury and the physical demands of your lifestyle. If you need surgery to repair your fractured ankle, your recovery will take longer than an ankle fracture that could be treated without surgery. An athlete who has recovered from an ankle injury may find it helpful to use high-top shoes, an ankle brace or ankle taping to reduce the risk of further joint damage.
If your ankle fracture involves only one malleolus, and the segments of broken bone lie very close together, your doctor usually can treat the injury by immobilizing your ankle and foot in a cast for six to eight weeks.
After the cast is removed, your doctor will prescribe physical therapy to help restore the normal range of motion in your ankle joint. If you have more extensive damage to your ankle, or the fragments of broken bone are separated far from one another, your doctor will perform surgery to repair your fractured ankle with special screws or wires. Injuries resulting in broken skin require antibiotics given intravenously into a vein to prevent infection.
Also, check with your doctor if you have less severe symptoms that do not improve within three to four days. If an ankle fracture is treated promptly and properly, the prognosis is good. However, as with any significant injury near a joint, arthritis may develop years later. Always consult your healthcare provider to ensure the information displayed on this page applies to your personal circumstances. Ankle Fracture Medically reviewed by Drugs. In the ankle, three different bones can be fractured: The tibia — This is the larger of the two bones in the lower leg.
The tibia's lower end flares out, forming a hard, bony knob, called the medial malleolus, which you can feel at the inside of your ankle. The fibula — This is the thinner of the two bones of the lower leg. Its lower end forms a hard, bony knob, called the lateral malleolus, which you can feel at the outside of your ankle. The talus — This is a wedge-shaped bone that is located deep inside the ankle, braced between the heel bone and the ends of the tibia and fibula.
The talus supports the lower ends of the tibia and fibula, and it forms a solid base for the normal range of ankle movements. Symptoms If you have a fractured ankle, your symptoms probably will include: Pain, swelling, tenderness and bruising at your ankle joint Inability to move your ankle through its normal range of motion Inability to bear weight on your injured ankle — However, if you can bear weight on the ankle, don't assume there is no fracture.
In some cases, a "crack" or "snap" in the ankle at the time of injury In open fractures, severe ankle deformity, with portions of the fractured bone visible through broken skin Diagnosis After reviewing your symptoms, the doctor will want to know: How and when your injury happened Whether swelling and bruising developed immediately often a sign of a more serious injury or several hours later Whether you had difficulty putting weight on your ankle immediately after the injury happened In addition, your doctor will review your medical history, especially any previous injuries to your ankle, foot or lower leg.
Expected Duration If your fracture can be treated without surgery, you probably will wear a cast for about six to eight weeks. Prevention An athlete who has recovered from an ankle injury may find it helpful to use high-top shoes, an ankle brace or ankle taping to reduce the risk of further joint damage.
Treatment If your ankle fracture involves only one malleolus, and the segments of broken bone lie very close together, your doctor usually can treat the injury by immobilizing your ankle and foot in a cast for six to eight weeks.
When To Call A Professional Call your doctor or go to an emergency room immediately if: You have injured your ankle and cannot walk on it Your injured ankle is very painful or tender Your injured ankle is obviously swollen, black and blue, or deformed Also, check with your doctor if you have less severe symptoms that do not improve within three to four days.
Prognosis If an ankle fracture is treated promptly and properly, the prognosis is good. Care Notes 1 related article. Mayo Clinic 5 related articles.