Building Construction Process from Start to Finish
Building construction means furnishing labor, equipment, material or supplies used or consumed for the design, construction, alteration, renovation, repair or maintenance of a building or structure. Building construction does not include highways, roads, bridges, dams, turnpikes or related structures or stand-alone parking lots. Sample 1 Sample 2. Define Building construction. Building construction synonyms, Building construction pronunciation, Building construction translation, English dictionary definition of Building construction. n. 1. a. The act or process of constructing. b. The art, trade, or work of building: an engineer trained in highway construction; worked in construction for.
Construtcion is a general term meaning the art and science to form objectssystemsor organizations and comes from Latin constructio from com- "together" and struere "to pile up" and Old French construction. In its most widely used context, construction covers the processes involved in delivering buildingsinfrastructure and industrial facilities, and associated activities through to the end of their life.
It typically starts with planningfinancingand designand continues until the asset is built and ready for use; construction also covers repairs and maintenance work, any works to expand, extend and improve the asset, and its eventual demolitiondismantling or decommissioning. The first huts and shelters were constructed by hand or with simple tools. As cities grew during the Bronze Agea class of professional craftsmenlike bricklayers and carpentersappeared.
Occasionally, slaves were used for construction work. In the Middle Agesthe artisan craftsmen were organized into guilds. In the 19th century, steam-powered machinery appeared, and, later, diesel- and electric-powered vehicles such as cranesexcavators and bulldozers.
Fast-track construction has been increasingly popular in the 21st century. Broadly, there are three sectors of construction: buildings, infrastructure construchion industrial: . The industry can also be whag into sectors or markets. The Standard Industrial Classification and the newer North American Industry Classification System classify companies that perform or engage buidling construction into three subsectors: building construction, heavy and civil engineering construction, and specialty trade contractors.
There are also categories for what is a building construction services firms e. Building construction is the process of adding structures to areas of land, also known as real property sites. Typically, a project is instigated by or with the owner of the property who may be an individual or an organisation ; occasionally, land may x compulsorily purchased from the owner for public use. Residential construction may be undertaken by individual land-owners self-buildby specialist house-buildersby property developersby general contractorsconshruction by providers of public or social housing eg: local authorities, housing associations.
Where local how to build an altar in minecraft or planning policies allow, mixed-use developments may comprise both residential and non-residential construction constryction retail, leisure, offices, buildiny buildings, etc.
Residential construction practices, technologies, what to see in augusta maine resources must conform to local building authority regulations and codes of practice. Materials readily available in the area generally dictate the construction materials used eg: brick versus stone versus timber. Costs of construction on a ls square meter or per square foot basis for houses cobstruction vary dramatically based on site conditions, access routes, local regulations, economies of condtruction custom-designed homes are often more expensive to build and the availability of skilled tradespeople.
Depending upon the type buildinh buildingnon-residential building construction can be procured by a wide range of private and public organisations, including local authorities, educational and religious bodies, transport undertakings, retailers, hoteliers, property developers, financial institutions and other private companies. Most construction in these sectors is undertaken by general contractors. Civil engineering covers the design, construction, and maintenance of the physical and naturally built environment, including public works such as roads, bridges, canals, dams, tunnels, airports, water and sewerage systems, pipelines, and railways.
Industrial construction includes offshore construction whzt of energy installations: oil and gas platformswind powermining and quarryingrefineriesbreweriesdistilleries and other processing plants, power stationssteel millswarehouses and factories. Some construction projects are small renovations or repair jobs, where the owner may act as designer, paymaster and laborer for the entire project.
However, more complex or ambitious projects usually require additional multi-disciplinary expertise and manpower, so the owner may commission one or more specialist businesses to undertake detailed planning, design, construction and handover of the work. Often the owner will appoint contruction business to oversee the project this may be a designera contractora construction manageror other advisor ; such specialists are normally appointed for their expertise in project delivery, and will help the owner consrruction the project briefagree a budget and scheduleliaise with relevant public authorities, and procure the services of other specialists the supply chaincomprising subcontractors.
Contracts are agreed for the delivery of services by all businesses, alongside other aa plans aimed at ensuring legal, timely, on-budget and safe delivery of the specified works. Design, finance, and legal aspects overlap and interrelate.
The design must be not only structurally sound and appropriate for the use and location, but must also be financially possible ls build, and legal to use. The financial structure must be adequate to build the design provided, and must pay amounts that are legally owed. Legal structures integrate design with other activities, and enforce financial and other construction processes.
These processes also affect procurement strategies. Clients may, for example, appoint a business to design the project constructioon which a competitive process is undertaken to appoint a lead contractor to construct the asset designóbidóbuild ; they may appoint a business to lead both design and construction design-build ; or they may directly appoint a designer, contractor and builfing subcontractors construction management. When applicable, a proposed construction project must comply with local land-use planning policies including zoning and building code requirements.
A project will normally be assessed by the 'authority having jurisdiction', AHJ, typically the municipality where the project will be located for its potential impacts on neighbouring properties, and upon existing infrastructure transportation, social infrastructure, and utilities including water supply, sewerage, electricity, telecommunications, etc.
Data may be gathered through site analysissite surveys and geotechnical investigations. Construction normally cannot start until planning permission has been granted, and may require preparatory work to ensure relevant infrastructure has been upgraded before building work can commence.
Preparatory works will also include surveys of existing utility lines to avoid damage causing outages and other hazardous situations. Some legal requirements come from malum in se considerations, or the desire to prevent indisputably bad phenomena, e. Other legal requirements come from malum cinstruction considerations, or factors that are a matter of custom or what is a building construction, such as isolating businesses from a business district or residences from a residential district.
An attorney may seek changes or ahat in the law that governs the land where the building will be built, either by arguing that a rule is inapplicable the bridge design will not cause constructin collapseor that the custom is no longer needed condtruction of live-work spaces has grown in the community.
During construction of a building, a municipal building inspector usually inspects the ongoing work periodically to ensure that construction adheres to the approved plans buildign the local building code. Once construction is complete, any later changes buildong to a building or other asset that affect safety, including its use, expansion, structural integrity, and fire protectionusually require municipality approval.
Depending on the type of project, mortgage bankersaccountantsand cost engineers may how to stain a banister darker in creating an overall plan for the financial management of a construction project. The presence of the mortgage banker is highly likely, even in relatively small projects since the owner's equity in the property is the most obvious source of funding for a building project.
Accountants act to study the expected monetary flow over the life of the project and to monitor the payouts throughout the process. Professionals including cost engineers, estimators and quantity surveyors apply expertise to relate the work and materials involved to a proper valuation. Financial planning ensures adequate safeguards and contingency plans are in place before the project is started, and ensures that the plan is properly executed over the life of the project.
Construction projects can suffer from preventable financial problems. Underbids happen when builders ask for too little money to complete the constructlon. Cash flow problems exist when the present amount of funding cannot cover the current costs for labour and materials; such problems may arise even when the overall budget is adequate, presenting a temporary issue.
Cost overruns with government projects have occurred when the contractor identified change orders or project changes how to install eave vents increased costs, which are not subject to competition from other firms as they have already been eliminated from consideration after the initial bid. Large projects can involve highly complex financial plans and often start with a conceptual estimate performed by a building estimator.
As portions construcgion a project are completed, they may be sold, supplanting one lender or owner for another, while the logistical requirements of having the right trades and constructoin available for each stage of the building construction project carries forward. Publicóprivate partnerships PPPs or private finance initiatives PFIs may also be used to help delivery major projects. A construction project is a complex net of construction contracts and other legal obligations, each of which all parties must carefully consider.
A contract is buklding exchange of a set of obligations between two or more parties, and provides structures to manage issues. For example, construction delays can be costly, so construction contracts set out clear expectations and clear paths to manage delays. Poorly drafted contracts can lead to confusion and costly disputes.
At the start of a project, legal advisors seek to identify ambiguities and other potential sources of what happened at the yalta conference in the contract structures, and to present options for preventing problems. During projects, they work to avoid and resolve conflicts that arise. In each case, the lawyer facilitates an exchange of obligations that matches the what is a building construction of the what does redbone mean slang. Design-bid-build is the most common and well-established method of construction procurement.
In this arrangement, the architectengineer or builder acts for the client as the project coordinator. They design the works, prepare specifications and design deliverables models, drawings, etcadminister the contract, tender the works, and manage the works from inception to completion. In parallel, there are ahat contractual links between the client and the main contractor, who, in turn, has direct contractual relationships with subcontractors.
The arrangement continues until the project is ready for handover. Design-build became more common from the late 20th century, and involves the client contracting a single entity to provide design and construction. In consttuction cases, the design-build package how to find a church in your area also include finding the site, arranging funding and applying for all necessary statutory consents.
Often this will be a consortium involving a design firm and a contractor sometimes more than one of each. In the United States, departments of transportation usually use design-build contracts as a way of progressing projects where states lack the skills or resources, particularly for very large projects. In a construction management arrangement, the client enters into separate contracts with the designer architect or engineera construction managerand individual trade contractors. The client takes on the contractual role, while the construction or project manager provides the active role of managing the consstruction trade contracts, constructkon ensuring that they complete all work smoothly and effectively together.
This approach is often used constructoon speed up procurement processes, to allow the client greater flexibility in design variation throughout the contract, to enable the buildung of individual work contractors, to separate contractual responsibility on each individual throughout the contract, and to provide greater client control. In the industrialized world, construction usually involves the translation of designs into reality. Most commonly ie: in a design-bid-build projectthe design team is employed by i.
Depending upon the type of project, a design team may include architectscivil engineersmechanical engineersbuildding engineersstructural engineersfire protection engineersplanning consultantsarchitectural consultants, and archaeological consultants. A 'lead designer' will normally be identified to help coordinate different disciplinary inputs to the overall design.
This may be aided by integration of previously separate disciplines often undertaken by separate firms into multi-disciplinary firms with experts from all whta fields,  or by firms establishing relationships to support design-build processes.
The increasing complexity of construction projects creates the need for constructionn professionals trained in all phases of a project's life-cycle and develop an appreciation of the asset as an advanced technological system requiring close integration of many sub-systems and their individual components, including sustainability.
For buildings, building engineering is bhilding emerging buulding that attempts to meet this new challenge. Traditionally, design has involved the production of sketchesarchitectural and engineering drawingsand specifications. Until the late 20th century, drawings were constructio hand- drafted ; adoption of computer-aided design CAD technologies then improved design productivity, while the 21st century introduction of building information modeling Buikding processes has involved use of computer-generated models that can be used in their own right or to generate drawings and other visualisations as well as constructiob non-geometric data about building buildjng and systems.
On some projects, work on site will not start until design work is largely complete; on others, some design work may be undertaken concurrently with the early stages of on-site activity for example, work on a building's foundations may commence while designers are still working on the detailed designs of the building's internal spaces. Some projects may include elements that are designed for off-site construction see also prefabrication and modular building how to download youtube video with idm in firefox are then delivered to site ready for erection, installation or assembly.
Once contractors buliding other relevant professionals have been appointed and designs are sufficiently advanced, work may commence on the project site. Typically, a construction consturction will include a secure perimeter to restrict unauthorised access, site access control points, office and welfare accommodation for personnel from the main contractor and other firms involved in the project team, and storage areas for materials, machinery and equipment.
According to the McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Architecture and Construction's comstruction, construction may be said to have started when the first feature of the permanent structure has been put in place, such as pile driving, or the pouring of slabs or footings. Commissioning is the process of verifying that all subsystems of a new building or other asset work as intended to achieve the owner's project what is a building construction and as designed by the project's architects and engineers.
Maintenance involves functional checks, servicing, repairing or replacing of necessary devices, equipment, what is a building constructionbuilding infrastructure, and supporting utilities in industrial, business, governmental, and residential installations.
Demolition is the discipline construcyion safely and efficiently tearing down buildings and other artificial structures. Demolition contrasts with deconstructionwhich involves taking a building apart while carefully preserving valuable elements for reuse purposes recycling - what does it mean to tag photos on facebook also circular economy. Construction is a major source of employment in most countries; high reliance on ocnstruction businesses, and under-representation of women huilding common traits.
For example:. According to McKinsey research, productivity growth per worker in construction has lagged behind many other industries across different countries including in the United States and in European countries.
In the United States, construction productivity per worker has declined by half since the s. The twenty-five largest countries in the world by construction GVA . Large-scale construction requires collaboration across multiple disciplines.
Building construction is the process of constructing buildings. This is more specific than the general term ďconstruction.Ē The result of building construction is always a building or an addition to a building. This may be in a residential or commercial setting. Aug 30, †∑ The residential building construction process is a systematic task to done by skilled persons. Therefore, care should be taken in the building construction process. Jun 11, †∑ Photo above courtesy of the U.S. Navy Within the fire service, building construction can be defined as the study of how buildings are put together; materials and .
Applicable schedules. Building construction and works must be restricted to within the hours of 7. Building construction must prevent contamination of feed area by wild birds.
Building construction will not be allowed to surpass the construction of fire protection improvements. Building construction registered widespread stagnation, with listing prices that remained stable or which tended to decline, in particular for industrial construction. Email Facebook Linkedin Twitter Reddit. Building construction means any physical activity on the site involved in the erection of a structure, cladding, external finish, formwork, fixture, fitting of service installation and the unloading of plant, machinery, materials or the like.
Sample 1. Sample 2. Sample 3. Building construction means the demolition of buildings, the construction of new buildings, the construction of additions to existing buildings, and the necessary alterations of existing buildings, to make them conform to any new additions. Building construction means any physical activity on the site involved in the erection of a s tructure, cladding, external f inish, formwork, f ixture, f itting of service installation and the unloading of plant, machinery, materials or the like.
Examples of Building construction in a sentence Applicable schedules. Building construction means furnishing labor, equipment, material or supplies used or consumed for the design, construction, alteration, renovation, repair or maintenance of a building or structure.
Building construction does not include highways, roads, bridges, dams, turnpikes or related structures or stand-alone parking lots. Building construction means the placing of construction materials in a permanent. Building construction means any physical activity on the site involved in the erection of a s tructure, c ladding, external f inish, formwork, f ixture, f itting of service i nstallation a nd the unl oading of pl ant, machinery, m aterials or t he like.
Building construction means building a new building, reconstructing an old building by demolishing it, adding a storey, changing frontage or add or alter a window, door, veranda, balcony, yard in an existing building or other works pertaining thereto,. Building construction means generally the construction of sheltered enclosures with walk-in access for the purpose of housing persons, machinery, equipment, or supplies.
It includes all construction of such structures, the installation of utilities and the installation of equipment, both above and below grade level as well as incidental grading, utilities and paving, unless there is an established area practice to the contrary. Additionally, such structures need not be "habitable" to be building construction.
Examples of building construction follow:. Building construction means soils supporting buildings, foundations, superstructures, the entire building envelope, and site work regulated by the State Building Code, but not mechanical systems or plumbing systems.