What Is The Difference Between a Genoa and Jib? (With Pictures and Tables!)
The mainsail is placed aft of the mast, which simply means behind. The headsail is in front of the mast. Generally, we have three sorts of sails on our boat: Mainsail: The large sail behind the mast which is attached to the mast and boom; Headsail: The small sail in front of the mast, attached to the mast and forestay (ie. jib or genoa). Mar 14, · The Headsail: This is a generic term that refers to any sail that sits forward of the mast. The most common is the Jib. When a jib is so large that it overlaps the mast .
You may not have seen or even heard of a self-tacking jib before. You just push the helm to lee, come about as you normally would, and the jib passes through the fore triangle by itself and stops on the new lee side at the same sheeting angle attachhed it was before the tack.
I set one up for free and you can too. Before I continue, a bit of legal housekeeping. This post contains affiliate links. That means I receive a small commission if you make a purchase using those links.
Those commissions help to pay the costs associated with running this site so that it stays free for everyone to enjoy. Self-tacking headsails are becoming more and more popular on high-end cruising yachts as designers strive to remove as much effort from sailing as possible with headsail furlers, in-mast what is xanthan gum made from furling, electric winches, autopilots, and more.
How lazy will we get? The basic principle of a self-tacking jib is simple; a means for the clew of the jib to remain sheeted throughout its arc of travel from one side of the sailboat to the other during tacks.
Commercial self-tacking systems accomplish this with an arc-shaped track mounted to the foredeck. The jib clew is attached to the track by a single sheet to a car that glides freely on the track like a traveler. The sheet leads to the cockpit where the skipper can adjust the jib shape by trimming the sheet. Such systems can cost many hundreds of dollars to what a bad ball joint sounds like to a conventional yacht.
The picture below shows the heafsail with a thick red line that I will describe and it cost me nothing new to set up. Instead of a track fixed to the deck, this system uses a block temporarily fixed hearsail the jib clew. It reuses one of the headsail sheets you already have to form a bridle on the foredeck for the block to ride on. The other headsail sheet is not used. The only other parts you need are two turning blocks. Heck, even two carabiners will work. If what the headsail is attached to only have one block or carabiner, reave the sheet directly through the clew grommet in step 2 below instead and attach your block or carabiner to the side deck where it can lead the sheet.
The clew will have a little more friction but not enough to keep it from working. When I want to set up the jib for self-tacking, Headwail just move my existing spinnaker sheet blocks forward from the aft coamings to what are pickups in running. I like these 40mm web attachment style blocks from Nautos.
For easy, atyached, and economical ways to attach these blocks to almost anything like you see in the pictures here, check out the continuous loops of dyneema that I describe in How to Rig a Cruising Spinnaker in 4 Stingy Stages and DIY Soft Shackles for Quick and Easy Headsail Changes. This self-tacking setup works best with a small headsail.
A larger headsail would not work. Tie one end of the sheet to a point on the deck approximately abeam of the mast and as far outboard as possible. On a C, a forward stanchion base is a good place. If you have a toerail, you have lots of choices and can adjust the bridle position for the best sail shape.
The picture below taken from the foredeck looking aft shows the middle of my single sheet tied to the starboard how to help children with adhd focus stanchion base. The lazy half of the sheet is leading aft. The working half of the sheet leads out of the picture frame to the right. I keep a soft shackle tied to i alpine butterfly knot in the middle of my headsail tl where I attach the clews of my headsails.
That soft shackle is tied to the stanchion base here. Lead the working end of the sheet to the foredeck and reave it hradsail one of the turning blocks that you have attached to the jib clew. The picture below shows one of my spinnaker sheet blocks tied to the hwadsail clew with a simple girth hitch.
The continuous loop makes it easy to tie and remove in seconds. Continue leading the sheet across the foredeck to the opposite point on the attadhed or stanchion base and reave the sheet through the second turning block or carabiner that you attach there. The picture below taken from the foredeck looking aft shows the block tied to the port forward stanchion base. Continue leading the sheet aft and through the jib car block as usual. Wrap the sheet a couple of turns around the winch and cleat it off as usual, leaving a couple feet of slack at the jib clew.
Temporarily suppress the rule in your mind that says you have to trim the headsail flat when sailing upwind. You can pull the rule back out when you revert to a conventional headsail setup. The clew block will roll across on the bridle that you have tied across the deck and the jib will set on the other side by itself. Racers and other sail trim experts may scoff and call it a dumb trick.
Heeadsail them, but give it a try sometime and consider it another tool in your bag of sailing skills. Would you like to be notified when I publish more posts like this? Enter your email address below to subscribe to this blog and receive notifications of new posts by email.
You will also receive occasional newsletters with exclusive info and deals only for subscribers and the password to the Downloads page. Enter your email address to subscribe to this blog and receive notifications of new posts by email. Email Address:. I forgot to mention that as one os the caveats. Just got round to reading this — what a great idea!
After restoring a derelict Rhodes 19 and launching her last summer, I quickly realized that instead of tacking every hour or two or three as on Penobscot Bay, I was coming about every five what does the word bashful mean ten minutes.
Maybe a silly question, but I have a roller furler, not a hank on headsail. Is it still possible to use this set up with a furler? I imagine that you would just slack the sheet as you furl the sail.
Any thoughts? Well, I rigged up this self tacking jib on my boat and love it!! I have it set up on a furler which makes the job even easier. I am loving the ease of it! Thank you so much for this great idea! Needs a track and a sail that is designed low enough at the clew. A keelboat can be tacked slowly, so you have time to pull the jib sheet tight before the jib fills in the tack.
And yet, this system DOES work. Greetingsthanks for a very headsall article. I must add this one I am going to try for sure. Looking forward to more sailing info. Just out of curiosity, was the C you were referring to a Catalina 22? Also, was there a link for the soft shackle? Yep, C is how to get something expunged from your record in florida for Catalina Hi, Flying Scot T sailor writing.
Just came accrost your article about the self Tacking Jib for free! Very clear and good directions. Do you think rig will work on my Flying Scot atttached Flying Scot t from Syracuse NY.
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But there are practical benefits to a self-tacking jib if you: Are single-handed or headwail on crew. Are short tacking through a narrow passageway. Have a broken jib car or winch that makes normal tacking impossible or dangerous. A selfie tacker you can really use The basic principle of a self-tacking jib is simple; a means for the clew of the jib to remain sheeted throughout its arc of travel from one side of the sailboat to the other during tacks.
Self-tacking sheet shown in red Instead of a track fixed to the deck, this system uses a block temporarily fixed to the jib clew. Do it your self-tacker To rig a self-tacking jib: 1. Dead-end the what the headsail is attached to on one side of the mast 2.
Attach the clew to the sheet with a turning block 3. Turn the sheet aft at the opposite side of the deck 4. Now you just need to trim the sheet out on the water. Get your self-tacker into shape To trim the self-tacking sheet: While pointed straight into the wind, raise the jib as you normally would.
Dec 06, · The basic set up of the “wire luff” type of furling system is a removable swivel drum at the deck that attaches behind the forestay, a headsail with a wire luff (no hanks or luff tape), and a head swivel that attaches to the top of the sail and to the halyard. This is the oldest of the furling designs. The headsail is also very easy to The Jib is perfect for rough weather and is easier to use, stow, and attach. The Genoa is heavier, better for light wind conditions, and optimized for downwind performance! Gabo. Owner of lovealldat.com A minimalist that has lived in a caravan in Sweden, 35ft Monohull in the Bahamas, and right now in. Jan 16, · You may not have seen or even heard of a self-tacking jib before. They’re usually only found on luxury sailboats. But that’s exactly what one is, a headsail that sheets itself when you tack. You don’t have to cast off the working sheet and haul in the lazy sheet on every tack.
A good captain will trim those said sails to be as efficient as possible and the proper heading will help with overall performance, but the sail is the driving force of the boat. These are the sails that you would find on a generic keelboat rigged as a sloop. It is, in fact, the common of sail plans and thus serves us well for this explanation of sails and their duties on a sailboat.
The Headsail : This is a generic term that refers to any sail that sits forward of the mast. The most common is the Jib. When a jib is so large that it overlaps the mast it is called a genoa. Naturally, we should know the difference between the various sails and how they work. The Mainsail : It has its forward edge attached to the mast The Headsail : This is a generic term that refers to any sail that sits forward of the mast.
The luff of the mainsail is usually hoisted up and attached to the mast. The luff of the jib is attached to the forestay. Foot — The bottom edge of the sail Tack — Between the luff and the foot is the tack. The tack is attached to the boat or a spar.
Head — The corner at the top of the sail between the luff and the leech. Clew — The third triangle of a sail between the leech and the foot. Batten — Solid slats or rods to help maintain the desired airfoil shape. Seamanship Gone to the Dogs! Learn To Sail. Mobile Apps. Online Courses. Search for ASA Schools. International Schools By Country. Become an ASA School. IPC Application. Instructor Login. Affiliate Login. Membership Benefits. Member Login.