Food Poisoning Symptoms
Mar 09, · If you have symptoms of food poisoning, such as diarrhea or vomiting, drink plenty of fluids to prevent dehydration (not having enough water in your body). Apr 03, · What steps should I take after food poisoning? Stay hydrated. Liquid intake is crucial for helping your body fight off food poisoning effects. Vomiting and diarrhea Eat bland food. When you feel you might be able to hold down food, eat foods that are gentle on your stomach and Try natural.
When food poisoning strikes you with nausea, vomiting and diarrhea, you crave relief fast. Although food poisoning can be deeply unpleasant, its symptoms usually pass after two or three days, says Daniel Feckoury, M.
Staying hydrated and eating simple, bland foods will usually put you on the road to recovery, Dr. Feckoury says. Food poisoning can be caused by bacteria, parasites or viruses, Dr. Foodborne illnesses are often transmitted through poultry, shellfish and prepared produce, but you can become ill from eating other foods too. With so many types of foodborne germs, incubation periods vary in length too.
If you want to pinpoint what made you sick, talk to your doctor about your recent meals and food poisoning symptoms, Dr. Did someone else eat the same meal as me? Diarrhea and vomiting can quickly lead to dehydrationDr. Feckoury says, so getting plenty of fluids is key.
You can drink water or try Gatorade or Pedialyte. You may be tempted to try over-the-counter medications, but Dr.
Feckoury says food poisoning usually needs to run its course. In the meantime, he also advises rest and a BRAT dietwhich consists of bananas, rice, applesauce and toast. Broths may also be tolerable. If you come down with a fever of People with compromised immune systems or other risk factors need to stay particularly vigilant. Pregnant women and older people, for example, are at higher risk and should always see a doctor for food poisoning.
Need to make an appointment with a Piedmont physician? Save time, book online. Close X. Back to Living Better Living Better newsletter. Zip Code. How to treat food poisoning. What causes food poisoning? Common foodborne germs include: Clostridium perfringens Norovirus Salmonella Staphylococcus aureus If you want to pinpoint what made you sick, talk to your doctor about your recent meals and food poisoning symptoms, Dr.
How how to send mail using html code treat food poisoning Diarrhea and vomiting can quickly lead to dehydrationDr. Feckoury offers these tips to avoid foodborne illness: Wash your hands after you change diapers, blow your nose, touch animals and go to the bathroom.
Do not drink unpasteurized milk. Wash all fruits and vegetables before eating them. Keep your refrigerator colder than 40 degrees and your freezer below 0 degrees. Cook meat and seafood to well-done.
Keep your knives and cutting boards clean. Related Stories. Good vs. What's the best time to get a flu shot? Why do I have high blood pressure?
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How to treat food poisoning Diarrhea and vomiting can quickly lead to dehydration, Dr. Feckoury says, so getting plenty of fluids is key. You can drink water or try Gatorade or Pedialyte. You may be tempted to try over-the-counter medications, but Dr. Feckoury says food poisoning usually needs to run its course. Dec 17, · As long as you’re able to keep food or liquids down, then you can try to hydrate at home and let it run its course. But if your nausea is so severe that you’re unable to keep any fluids down. Mar 21, · What to do if you have food poisoning If you are vomiting or have diarrhea, the most pressing concern is dehydration. But you may want to avoid .
Food poisoning, also called foodborne illness, is illness caused by eating contaminated food. Infectious organisms — including bacteria, viruses and parasites — or their toxins are the most common causes of food poisoning. Infectious organisms or their toxins can contaminate food at any point of processing or production.
Contamination can also occur at home if food is incorrectly handled or cooked. Food poisoning symptoms, which can start within hours of eating contaminated food, often include nausea, vomiting or diarrhea. Most often, food poisoning is mild and resolves without treatment. But some people need to go to the hospital. Food poisoning symptoms vary with the source of contamination.
Most types of food poisoning cause one or more of the following signs and symptoms:. Signs and symptoms may start within hours after eating the contaminated food, or they may begin days or even weeks later. Sickness caused by food poisoning generally lasts from a few hours to several days. Contamination of food can happen at any point of production: growing, harvesting, processing, storing, shipping or preparing.
Cross-contamination — the transfer of harmful organisms from one surface to another — is often the cause. This is especially troublesome for raw, ready-to-eat foods, such as salads or other produce. Because these foods aren't cooked, harmful organisms aren't destroyed before eating and can cause food poisoning. Many bacterial, viral or parasitic agents cause food poisoning. The following table shows some of the possible contaminants, when you might start to feel symptoms and common ways the organism is spread.
Whether you become ill after eating contaminated food depends on the organism, the amount of exposure, your age and your health. High-risk groups include:. The most common serious complication of food poisoning is dehydration — a severe loss of water and essential salts and minerals.
If you're a healthy adult and drink enough to replace fluids you lose from vomiting and diarrhea, dehydration shouldn't be a problem. Infants, older adults and people with suppressed immune systems or chronic illnesses may become severely dehydrated when they lose more fluids than they can replace. In that case, they may need to be hospitalized and receive intravenous fluids. In extreme cases, dehydration can be fatal.
Some types of food poisoning have potentially serious complications for certain people. These include:. Cook foods to a safe temperature. The best way to tell if foods are cooked to a safe temperature is to use a food thermometer. You can kill harmful organisms in most foods by cooking them to the right temperature. Cook ground beef to F Cook chicken and turkey to F Make sure fish and shellfish are cooked thoroughly.
Food poisoning is especially serious and potentially life-threatening for young children, pregnant women and their fetuses, older adults, and people with weakened immune systems. These individuals should take extra precautions by avoiding the following foods:. Mayo Clinic does not endorse companies or products.
Advertising revenue supports our not-for-profit mission. Don't delay your care at Mayo Clinic Schedule your appointment now for safe in-person care. This content does not have an English version. This content does not have an Arabic version. Overview Food poisoning, also called foodborne illness, is illness caused by eating contaminated food. Request an Appointment at Mayo Clinic.
Share on: Facebook Twitter. Show references Foodborne germs and illnesses. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Accessed Jan. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, et al. Diagnosis and management of foodborne illnesses: A primer for physicians and other health care professionals. Keep food safe. Accessed June 10, Food poisoning. The big thaw — Safe defrosting methods for consumers.
Food Safety and Inspection Service. Wanke CA. Approach to the adult with acute diarrhea in resource-rich settings. Gelfand MS. Treatment, prognosis, and prevention of Listeria monocytogenes infection. Accessed Feb. Clinical manifestations of Listeria monocytogenes infection. Raw unpasteurized milk.
Mayo Clinic Marketplace Check out these best-sellers and special offers on books and newsletters from Mayo Clinic. Meat and poultry. Contamination occurs during processing if animal feces contact meat surfaces. Other sources include unpasteurized milk and contaminated water.
Home-canned foods with low acidity, improperly canned commercial foods, smoked or salted fish, potatoes baked in aluminum foil, and other foods kept at warm temperatures for too long. Meats, stews and gravies. Commonly spread when serving dishes don't keep food hot enough or food is chilled too slowly. Beef contaminated with feces during slaughter. Spread mainly by undercooked ground beef.
Other sources include unpasteurized milk and apple cider, alfalfa sprouts, and contaminated water. Raw, ready-to-eat produce and shellfish from contaminated water. Can be spread by an infected food handler. Hot dogs, luncheon meats, unpasteurized milk and cheeses, and unwashed raw produce. Can be spread through contaminated soil and water. Raw or contaminated meat, poultry, milk, or egg yolks.
Survives inadequate cooking. Can be spread by knives, cutting surfaces or an infected food handler. Meats and prepared salads, cream sauces, and cream-filled pastries. Can be spread by hand contact, coughing and sneezing. Raw oysters and raw or undercooked mussels, clams, and whole scallops.
Can be spread through contaminated seawater.